''a late 20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism, which represents a departure from modernism and is characterised by the self-conscious use of earlier style and conventions, a mixing of different artistic style and media, and a general distrust of theories'' - Dictionary
1. It use of pop songs throughout the film, and how it mashes them together to create something new. This is in relation to the 'death of the author' theory by Roland Barthes. It could be labelled a pastiche jukebox.
2. The way in which that it challenges it's own reality. Throughout the film, the audience is constantly reminded that they are watching fiction through its use of visuals and by how Christian is writing the film as it is happening.
3. It is a mixed genre film. It mashes together musical with drama and comedy.
4. The structure includes flashbacks, and the ending is revealed at the beginning of the movie. It has a non-linear structure that jumps between many different events not necessarily in the order they occurred.
5. The film has a general denial of fixed meaning. For example, when Christian and Satine begin to dance on clouds, it challenges and rejects the grand narratives.